My MAET Goals: An Evolution

When I initially applied to the Master’s of Educational Technology (MAET) program at Michigan State University I wasn’t sure what to expect out a masters program. But, I knew with a fair bit of certainty what I wanted. I’d like to reflect on how my goals have evolved (or haven’t) over the course of the last year and a half.

One of my main goals for the program was to be pushed to grow. I wanted a program that would challenge my thinking and stretch me academically. In addition, although I wanted to learn about educational technology, I mainly wanted to learn how good pedagogy could be enhanced by technology. I had gone through a phase of trying a lot of new things (in part because I was a newer teacher) in a short amount of time. I wanted to do less “throwing things at the wall and seeing what sticks” and more “this is a good pedagogical move and technology can enhance it because…”. I wanted a shift towards developing tasks that integrated technology in a way that helped students understand mathematics at a deeper level. My final goal was to become a leader in educational technology in my school and my district. Although these goals still largely apply to me today, they’ve certainly evolved.

My goals haven’t completely changed, but the way my goals (and the process of reaching them) manifest themselves going forward will be different. For instance, my goal in regards to technology integration is still to have it driven by pedagogy. My approach to this is now more driven by the design process and the Technology Pedagogy and Content Knowledge (TPACK) framework than it was prior to the program. Prior to the program I would’ve agreed that creativity, for example, was important to teaching but failed to realize how valuable it is on a day to day basis and how it fit into the design process. I also didn’t realize how crucial the design process could be to teaching. As I go forward I feel like I have a systematic process that I can utilize in addressing problems I run into. This means that my goal hasn’t changed much, but the way I go about reaching my goal now has direction and is more focused.

Another goal that has remained the same but changed in the way I view it, is my goal to be a leader in technology. I used to think that being a leader in edtech meant that you had to be on the bleeding edge technologically. I now see that, although there’s nothing inherently wrong with that, it’s more valuable to me to keep an eye on the bleeding edge than to actually be the person there. I now have a more educated lense through which to view the latest trends in educational technology. This lense changed my view of edtech leadership in that I no longer desire to be the person that knows all the newest stuff. I now want to be the person that leads from a place of effective technology integration and creative teaching in general.  In other words, I’d rather be a leader in effective teaching that also knows a fair bit about edtech, than a leader in edtech that also knows a fair bit about effective teaching.

As I write this I’m realizing that the last paragraph sums up most of my goals going forward. After going through the MAET program I feel as though I have the right mindsets, tools, and connections to reach my (slightly revised) goals. Although they haven’t changed much, my they feel less like they’re floating out in the abyss and more like something I can accomplish to some degree each day.

(Here is a PDF of this post.)

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Reflecting on our Digital Literacy Webinar

In my current grad class we were given the opportunity to host a webinar. Our group chose to focus on digital literacy as our topic and we were fortunate to have a few experts (Jenna Snow, Tom Driscoll, Teresa Diaz, and Allison Cicinelli) contribute to a fascinating discussion. Our conversation took us from what we mean when we say “digital citizen”, to whether our students’ typical technology interactions are hurting their critical thinking and attention span, to how digital literacy can help students in their future, and  advice for teachers starting out in educational technology.

I would encourage you take some time and check out our webinar as well as other MAET Bridge webinars.

Outlining my Ideas for my “Deeper Learning through Technology” Grant Proposal

My grant request entails getting tablets for each one of my students. I understand that 1-1 device programs seem like “the thing” right now and it may make some wonder if my pursuit of this is just me jumping on a bandwagon. Rest assured this request is driven by sound philosophies of learning and designed closely to develop the Six Facets of Understanding (Wiggins and McTighe) in my students.

I started this proposal with an eye towards what I wanted to accomplish with my students. I want them to gain and demonstrate a deep understanding of mathematics. As outlined in my introduction students frequently leave school with only a surface level of mathematics and this can hurt them in their future. To enhance overall understanding I want to focus on a few facets of understanding that will be especially developed with this technology.

The writing (and increased frequency in which it happens) will help explain their understanding of mathematics. This process forces students to put their understanding into words and sentences rather than simply going through the procedures of solving the problems. The prompts help with developing self-knowledge, but also are designed to help students interpret the mathematics beyond abstract concepts. Writing forces students to put concepts into a form that is understandable for other readers. In addition to having students write, these devices make visualizing higher level mathematics orders of magnitude easier than any other technology. The real power in this is that it gives students perspective and allows them to put concepts in context. They also provide a tool for applying mathematics to more difficult problems. Without these technologies students can get lost in mathematical concepts that the technology can handle easily. Lastly, these devices are ideal for giving frequent, formative feedback. This helps students understand what they don’t understand quickly, one of the most important factors in pushing understanding further.

(This is a project for my current grad class in the Master’s of Educational Technology program at Michigan State University. You can view my other projects here.)

Intro to “Deeper Learning through Technology” Grant Proposal

The problem I’m trying to address is the lack of deep understanding of mathematics in many of my students. Students that leave high school with a surface understanding of it often view mathematics as a mysterious list of algorithms and formulas (ask somebody to name something from high school math and many will say “the Pythagorean theorem”). They also (I believe) struggle with college mathematics because their high school understanding of mathematics is weak and disjointed. They don’t leave high school as mathematical thinkers and then struggle when the difficulty is increased. I think carefully implemented technology can help students understand mathematics more deeply.

I’d like to put a tablet in each one of my student’s hands in order to increase three things that help students learn more effectively: writing, exploration and play, and feedback. If each student has a device they can write frequently and authentically (via blogging) and this helps students solidify concepts in their mind as they’re learning. Also, exploration and play are necessary to help students get a “feel” for mathematics as well as help them engage their preconceptions about ideas. With a tablet, today’s powerful graphing and demonstration utilities are in the hands of students. Last, technology is especially adept in providing frequent feedback via formative assessments. My aim is that students will leave me with not only a deeper understanding of math, but also a grasp of the methods and tools that led to that understanding. If I succeed they’ll not only leave me as better mathematicians, but also more effective learners.

(This is a project for my current grad class in the Master’s of Educational Technology program at Michigan State University. You can view my other projects here.)

Synthesis of My Design Process

The purpose of this post is to give you a summary of my design process throughout the last few months, and to give you an idea of how what I’ve learned has and will impact my teaching in the future.

The Problem

The problem I was trying to address over the last few months was that teachers are consistently utilizing evenings and weekends during the school year to do school work. The problem with this is that teachers generally prioritize grading and planning (as they probably should) and things that get pushed off are innovating, reflecting, learning new technologies, developing a strong professional learning network, and collaboration. These are all things we want our teachers to be constantly learning, not just when they have a bit of free time on summer break. I’d encourage you to read what I’ve gained from this experience and how I decided to “solve” this problem.

Empathy 

The first phase of the design process is gaining empathy for your users. My “users” are educators, but I found out early on that there are other people (namely administrators, legislators, the general public) that affect how much time teachers have. To gain empathy for these different groups I sent a survey out to educators on twitter and in my district. This, and conversations I had with my colleagues, gave me a better idea of how bad the problem was. It also gave me hints about where I might find solutions. The results of the survey can be seen at this link.

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The readings I did for this phase as well as this activity gave me an understanding of how important empathy is to the design process. We can all find products that were designed without gaining a full understanding of the users they were targeting. Understanding your users, their perspectives, needs, shortcomings, and lives lays the foundation for and is intertwined in the following phases of the design process.

Define 

The five why'sThe define phase of design was probably my most insightful phase. As a teacher I suspected a lot of the things I learned from the empathy phase. However the define phase allowed me to get to the root of the problem and to develop a problem statement. It moved me from “Teachers don’t have enough time” to “teachers don’t have enough time because of _____________.” Once you’ve identified the “blank” you can work towards solving the problem at a more fundamental level.

I found that although many people might think teachers are short on time because of lot’s of papers to grade or writing lesson plans, those are symptoms of a more general problem. That is that the people that make decisions about the fundamental structure of a teacher’s work life (legislators, voters, and even administrators) feel that giving teachers more time in a work day to work would not be beneficial. This is primarily because that means a reduction in contact time with students. Although I (and many others I presume) would contend that more contact time is not always in the students’ best interest, it’s a tough argument to get across to people who are not educated in how people learn. Even if giving teachers more time to collaborate and innovate reduces contact time with students, the time they do have with students will likely be of higher quality. In fact, some of the most highly regarded education systems have significantly less compulsory hours than the United States.

IdeaIncubation journal noteste

I think this phase of the design process is how most people think designers spend most of their time. The purpose of this phase is to develop as many ideas for your product as possible. I did things like track all my ideas related to my problem for a week (although I’ve continued doing this), had a brainstorming session in which I explored the power of incubation, and had a collaborative brainstorming session.

From this phase came a lot of ideas (obviously), but also a couple realizations. One of the first realizations I had was that messaging is a significant problem in our profession. This led me to tailor some of my ideas towards changing how the general public understands the life of an educator. I also realized how important leadership is to the life of a teacher. For instance, many teachers are frustrated with meetings or professional development that waste their time. Constantly changing initiatives (or trying too many at one time) is another cause of frustration for teachers. The turnover rate of administrators also makes it harder for teachers to invest time in initiatives because they fear in a year or two all the time they spent will be for nothing. Having a quality administrator that respects teachers’ needs for time (or at least not wasted time) can make the time teachers do have more worthwhile.

My favorite aspect of this phase was that diversity of ideas was valued. I needed to develop a long list of (sometimes off the wall) ideas because this makes it easier to find surprising connections and novel solutions. We are rarely encouraged (or given the time and space) to develop lot’s of diverse ideas to problems, especially in education.

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In a lab activity I was given the opportunity to build a prototype representing the meaning of life. This allowed me to explore a concrete representation of a very abstract concept. I found a lot of value in conceptualizing a product and actually seeing the creation through to the end. Read more about this lab activity here.

Prototype

This is the phase where ideas start to become a reality. This was an exciting phase because I spent so much time in the early phases trying to decide which direction to take for my solution(s). In this phase I was actually able to put together a “product” and put my ideas into reality. I settled on pushing forward with a couple ideas. First I wanted to develop a list of resources that could help teachers save time now. This stemmed from conversations in my brainstorming session in which we discussed the fundamental problem (the general public doesn’t understand education very well) and how changing the public perception, if possible at all, would take a long time. Under that assumption I realized I’d need a solution that could help teachers “tomorrow”.

Screen Shot 2015-05-03 at 11.03.29 PMThe second solution came from an attempt to address the messaging problem mentioned earlier. I decided to compile some infographics that I would share widely to help the general public understand how much teachers work outside of school, why that hurts students, and the good that can come from giving teachers more time. One problem layered within the messaging problem is that the attention span of many people seems limited. To address this I wanted to get my message across in the most concise, visually appealing method possible (probably not a bad idea in general I suppose). Infographics give me a medium that does both of those things.

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In this phase I put my prototypes out for feedback. There are different ways to test a prototype but I settled on a focus group session with a few of my colleagues. From this I gained valuable feedback on my strengths and weaknesses, what could be deleted, and what could be added to improve my prototypes. Part of this phase was a project in which I created a video that explained how to accomplish the testing phase effectively in the context of education.

This phase is vital because, although it can be hard to put your ideas out there for feedback, without it it’s difficult to see the cracks in them. I should also note that the success of this phase hinges on being well prepared for the testing session. I gained valuable insights from having multiple sets of eyes on my prototypes and they evolved accordingly.

Reflection

If you’ve made it this far in the post then I’d like to leave you with few thoughts. Design thinking is a powerful mindset for solving problems. I hope that from the above summary and my end products you can see the power in the process. If that alone doesn’t convince you then check out some of my classmates work here and here. The power in this process is that you don’t (or shouldn’t) start with any assumptions about your users. You start open-minded, simply looking to gain an understanding for the people your decisions will affect. Too often, especially in education, we assume we completely understand our users’ experiences (consider students, teachers, support staff, etc.). Once you get a better understanding for your users then you can launch into a systematic problem solving process that doesn’t jump to quick solutions, is reflective, iterative, and above all user-focused. I think if more  of the “solutions” we came up with in education stemmed from the design thinking process then they wouldn’t exist or they’d be in a much more refined form.

A final thought

Every educator is a designer. Every one of us is frequently presented with problems that require creative solutions. I think the power in the design thinking mindset is that the solutions we come up with are more likely to be empathetic, developed collaboratively, innovative, refined, and effective in the long term. I plan to use the designers mindset frequently in the future, especially in the context of exceptionally difficult problems.